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Stem Cell Therapy

Important notice:

In accordance with Health Canada’s compliance laws, we do not offer any stem cell therapy services. There are other services that you may find helpful – Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP) in particular is a viable alternative to stem cell therapy, including intradiscal. Learn more about PRP, and other forms of Regenerative Medicine.

What is Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cell therapy is a medical technique for treating backaches, musculoskeletal disorders, and sports and joint injuries.

WHAT ARE STEM CELLS?

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are primary cells that have pluripotency: the ability to transform into any tissue they encounter in the body. Their role is to repair and regenerate body tissues such as muscle, bone cartilage, tendons, discs, skin, and much more. To do this, they travel through the circulatory system to damaged cell tissues and develop into the same cell type as the damaged tissue. The most abundant sources of stem cells in the body are adipose tissue (fat) and bone marrow.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are elementary cells that can differentiate into other cells of the body.

The body’s natural regeneration system is always at work on all of our cell tissues, whether they are damaged or not. For example, your liver is entirely renewed every 2 to 3 years, and your pancreas every four years, and your skeleton every seven years. Because adult stem cells act as a repair system for the body, health professionals frequently use them in various medical therapies to accelerate the regeneration of damaged tissues and organs. Many researchers have published clinical studies on the orthopedic use of stem cells to treat musculoskeletal conditions.

How do stem cells work?

Stem Cells repair using five essential systems:

  1. Acting as an anti-inflammatory agent
  2. Homing to injured tissues and stimulating different cells that are essential for tissue development
  3. Supporting tissue regrowth over scarred tissue
  4. Inhibiting apoptosis, and
  5. Differentiating into cartilage, bone, ligament, or tendons.

HOW IS STEM CELL THERAPY DONE?

Stem cell therapy consists of first extracting stem cells from bone marrow or abdominal fat. The stem cells are then isolated through the process of centrifugation. The treating doctor injects the stem cells at the precise location where the patient has damaged tissue. PRP may be combined with Stem Cells to enrich the blood supply to the damaged area. This consequently promotes tissue regeneration. The stem cells differentiate, depending on the type of tissue into which they are injected. For example, stem cells injected into a ligament turn into ligament cells. If injected into a tendon, they become tendon cells. The stem cells trigger the regeneration and healing of the targeted tissues. 

Note: In accordance with Health Canada’s compliance laws, we do not offer any stem cell therapy services.

WHAT IS INTRADISCAL STEM CELL THERAPY?

Intradiscal stem cell therapy, also known as intervertebral joint therapy, or intervertebral disc therapy, is a novel way to treat different disc pathologies and is the only known treatment that can regenerate discs in the spine. This treatment makes it possible to avoid complications associated with surgical procedures. When necessary, adjacent structures such as facet joints, sacroiliac joints, and surrounding nerve roots, are treated.

Where do the stem cells come from?

The stem cells used in regenerative medication treatment originate either from your bone marrow or fat tissue. Researchers are looking into new sources for mesenchymal stem cells, such as cells found in in the skin and dermis. Hematopoietic stem cells have additionally been found in the circulation system and have the same pluripotency capacity as other mesenchymal stem cells.

 

Check out our Regenerative Medicine section for alternative options!

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